Some of the items that are tested in part 5 of the TOEIC test require knowledge of word formation and suffixes because a candidate has to select a noun, a verb , an adjective or an adverb to fill in a gap in a sentence.
Suffixes : Suffixes are bound morphemes that occur after a stem and often change the word class.
You can form nouns, adjectives, adverbs and verbs by using suffixes in English.
The best way to learn them is through exposure but students should have an awareness of what suffixes are and how they work in order to be able to notice them in texts. Here are some basic suffixes as a starting point.
Suffixes forming nouns :
From nouns : e.g.
From verbs: e.g.
employ employment etc .
Suffixes forming verbs :There are three main suffixes deriving verbs from nouns: – ise, –en and- ify
advise, organise, specialise, prioritise, apologise etc.widen ,lengthen, deepen ,shorten ,tighten, strengthen, etc.clarify ,specify ,identify etc
Suffixes forming adjectives :
– From nouns :e.g
Danger- dangerous etc
– From verbs :e.g.
If you want to practice these you may want to try the following links: