Gerunds and Infinitives

Gerunds are formed with ING.

playing, talking, speaking, reading

Infinitives are formed with TO.

to play, to talk, to speak, to read

It is often difficult to know when to use a gerund and when to use an infinitive after a verb. Here are some guidelines to  help you.

  • Some verbs are followed by gerund.

e.g He enjoys going out.

  • Some verbs are followed by a preposition and a gerund.

e.g He admitted to stealing the money.

  • Some verbs are followed by infinitive.

e.g He agreed to come.

  • Some verbs are followed by an object and an infinitive.

e.g The teacher invited all the students to come to the Christmas Event.

  • Some are followed by both and infinitive or a gerund with a difference in meaning.

e.g I regret to tell you that your son got into trouble at school.( formal: be sorry about what you are going to say

I regret lying about this. (feel sorry about what happened)

Note: Some verbs may belong to two categories:

e.g The advised him to take a rest.

The doctor advised staying in bed.

If you want to see a verb list you can go to the following link:

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/verblist.htm

If you want to practice gerunds and infinitives you can try the following link:

http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/

 

Future

Simple Future is used:

to talk about future actions

to express hopes, expectations, fears, offers, promises, refusals

to express spontaneous decisions or make promises

Going to is used to:

to talk about future things you intend to do

to predict future actions for which we have evidence that they are going to happen.

Present continuous is used:

    to talk about future things that are arranged, planned or definitely decided

The present simple is used to:

     to talk about times of arrivals and departures of traffic and times of events.

If you want to practice on the above you might like to go to:

http://www.english-4u.de/future_ex3.htm

http://www.english-4u.de/future_ex4.htm

 

Future Perfect

If you want to revise future perfect click on the following links:

Future Perfect Simple: http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/grammar-lesson-future-perfect.php#.Up2YuYdDE74

Future Perfect Continuous: http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/grammar-lesson-future-perfect-progressive.php#.Up2o3YdDF3V

If you want to practice you can go here:

http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/grammar-exercise-future-perfect.php#.Up2pDYdDF3U